Contact: Email to:Norbert H. Kox
The Y-shaped Cross of Christ:
Known by the names,
Ypsilon Cross, Y-Cross, Furca (The Fork), Gabelkreuz (Fork Cross, Branch Cross), Schacherkreuz (Thief's Cross, Cross of Robbers') Pall Cross, Upsilon Cross
Summary: Yesu Christ was counted among the robbers (Mark 15: 27-28; Isaiah 53: 9-12). The Thief's Cross on which he was crucified, would have consisted of two parts, the stauros (stipes, "upright post") which was permanently set in place, and the patibulum or furca ("fork"), a wooden device shaped like the letter A. This part, weighing about 75 lbs, was carried to the place of crucifixion by the one being punished. The Alpha-shaped furca was placed over his head, and rested on the neck and shoulders, so that he was like an animal in a yoke. His outstretched arms were then bound to the underside of the A-shaped device. Arriving at the crucifixion site, the arms of the furca would be flipped up over his head, by the attending soldiers, so that he flopped backward onto the ground, still attached to the A. Then, laying face up with arms overhead, on top of the wood, nails were driven through his wrists at the heal of each hand. The inverted A-frame was then lifted up and fastened onto the stauros (7 ½ to 9 feet tall). It was either nailed or tied in place. Last of all, the dangling feet of the crucified were nailed to the upright stipes. The assembled cross formed a three pronged fork.
Some interesting points to consider in the above text:
1. Yesu said, "Take my yoke upon you…" This is a reference to taking up the cross of Christ, i.e. becoming a follower of the Christ teachings. If we take up his yoke, we are not carrying it alone. He is in it with us, "my yoke is easy and my burden is light" (Matthew 11: 29-30). The Alpha-Yoke (furca) implies still more significance:
2. Yesu was placed in the furca and scourged. Then he was brought before the crowd, "Behold your king" (John 19: 14). He was presented in the lowest role, with a servant's yoke around his neck. They must have recalled his saying, "He that is greatest among you shall be your servant" (Matthew 20: 26-27; & 23: 11). The Alpha-yoke around his neck identified him as a slave (last) yet as a numeral the Alpha is number one (first). Yahweh, in Yesu, said, "I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End" (Revelation 1: 8, 11). As he came to the end of his earthly life, his last steps were walked with the large wooden Alpha symbol framing his face. The symbol of the "Beginning" is what would "End" his physical life, on the devil's FORK, the Forked Cross.
3. Death was only temporary. It was just the end of his mundane physical body. Yesu had said, "Destroy this temple and I will raise it up again in three days" (John 2: 19-22). That which he raised up was a new creation, the glorified resurrected body, having the characteristics of both the physical and the spiritual, without the limitations of either. He is the "firstfruits" of the resurrection, the victory over death, the "firstborn from the dead" (1 Corinthians 15: 3-57; Colossians 1: 16-18). He is our hope in the resurrection, the perfection and completion of God's creation plan. He said, "Take up your cross and follow me." When we take up our furca, we know it will not be easy. But that very same furca, the Alpha-Yoke, keeps us tied to Yesu. In the end, we will have a new beginning. He will transform our physical bodies to perfection. "We know that, when he shall appear, we shall be like him" (1 John 3: 2).
4. The Y symbolizes a tree with branches of life and death. The tree in the midst of the garden (of Eden) that brought LIFE also brought DEATH. Tree of Life and Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil are symbolized in the Y-Cross, as it is referenced to Christ.
Following are Some References to the Y-shaped Cross : The Furca [fork] or Ypsilon Crucifix
Highlighted on the next page in bold red letters,
the Y-cross texts which referenced the above hypothesis.